Old and Modern Means of Communication
Communication is part of people’s culture from the ancient times. This part of the social life has ensured effective interactions between people of the same society, and people of different societies. Communication aspect has been dynamic and has undergone numerous changes based on time, lifestyle and situations and as a result of improvement in technology. In the past, different societies had their unique ways of communication such as the use of smoke signals to send simple messages. Besides, people used messengers and drum sounds for communication. The means and mode, as well as forms of communication, have changed to the use of the telegraph, telephone, mobile phone calls, the internet, video conferencing and letters among others in the current society thanks to technological advancement. Irrespective of such changes both old and modern means of communication serves the same purpose of sending and receiving information and providing feedback. The essay presents a discussion of the means of communication in both old and modern times based on their developments and progress of their features.
Claude Chappe developed the initial telegraph in 1794 that never used an electric signal. However, this was improved to a telegraph that used electric impulses. The idea of using electric impulse was first used as a means of communication and was invented by Samuel Morse in early 1836. He borrowed the idea of electric impulse transportation through wires from Charles Jackson. Morse then developed the telegraph system that transmitted signals over wires to numerous locations and translated information. This was a new means of communication that supported the commercial systems at the time. Morse divided three parts of a telegraph as sender, receiver, and the code. Normally, the sender represented the source of information where the electric circuit was to be opened and closed. The receiver then used the electromagnet to record all the signals and the codes translated the signals into the numbers and letters. Morse built the first telegraph from Washington to Baltimore by use of cable lines over the Atlantic Ocean and use “Morse Code” signals to represent the language of the telegraph. This led to rapid development of telegraph cables within the USA that enhanced transfer of information, and by 1870s the USA was able to connect the global telecommunication networks.
The modern means of communication was based on the telegraph system. The invention of telephones, cable televisions, the radio, the internet and mobile technologies were achieved due to the technique used in telegraph system. The telephone was the first to exist at the modern times which increased the speed of electronic communication. It was wired on the electronic platform and used similar cables as in the Telegraph. However, the underwater cables had almost zero signals. The challenge of poor signals led to the invention and use of steel wires that were wrapped in copper tubes, armor, and plastic jackets to enable movement of signals invented by the AT & T Company. The idea led to the development of cable televisions and eventually the development of cell phones. Due to technological advancement, the use of cable system is currently overtaken by the digital boxes that do not rely on the antenna amplifiers.
The invention of fiber optics by Verizon Inc in television is amazing. The fiber optic can convey light signals of information at a terrific speed, process and transfer data faster to computers and home televisions at high quality. On a separate note, cell phones emanated in 1983 in both design and functionality. This brought about multitasking of activities during the communication process. Therefore, the cell phones help in sending text messages, emails, enhance verbal communication, upload pictures and videos as well as downloading any application. Diverse technology has brought about IPads, Kindles, playbooks, and tables as well as the wireless internet which have ensured improved and faster communication at the global level. Therefore, people can send instant messages, perform text messaging, video chat and send emails among others.
In conclusion, there is no doubt that communication has played a major role in both the old and modern societies. However, the means of communication in both time periods have changed with the current society having an advantage due to advancement in technology. However, in both instances, means of communication served the same purpose of conveying and receiving information as well as replies.
Transport and communication
Transportation and communication are two significant infrastructural requirements in our society. Both of them facilitate movement of goods and services. Transport facilitates movement of goods from one place to the other. Transport also facilitates movement of people from one place to the other for various reasons, mostly to seek for various services. While communication keeps us updated on the world events and trends. Both transport and communication play a vital role in our lives because they bring positive changes in our lives enhancing our economic conditions. Just like other resources, transportation and communication lay the foundation for growth in all sectors including agriculture, manufacturing, and commerce.
Transport systems are essential for human growth. Economic growth, transport, and communication go hand in hand because they all contribute to economic growth. People need transport to move from places to conduct business; people need devices to pass messages, be it by telephone, or fax or via satellite or using modern technology like mobile phones. Communication enables people to make quick business decision promoting trade among different people, resulting to an improved economy. Transport infrastructure like roads, railroads, waterways, pipelines bus stations, and seaports are used largely to ferry passengers and cargo.
On the other hand, information communication technology is among the modern tools of communication that have significantly improved the economy in several ways. Isolated regions have been connected and are accessible through modern means of communication like satellites. Many places cannot develop without proper transport and communication systems, infrastructure like rail, road, airways, postal services like telegram and internet services all facilitate movement of services and resources needed to increase trade between people.
Mobility is important in production; therefore, improved transport and communication system can increase mobility as they easily facilitate movement of raw materials, fuel, and machinery at the required time that facilitate production of goods or offer necessary services. With modern forms of transport and communication systems, goods and services are readily available. Hence, prices are stabilized throughout the region. Due to the quick supply of raw materials, goods can be cheaply produced at a lower cost encouraging more purchases. By extensively selling goods in many geographical areas, many countries can generate more profit than before.
Both transport and communication offer valuable means of enhancing the economy, communication is critical because of many reasons, be it for business or for security purposes because it offers real time information to help business people make timely decisions on financial matters. Using modern means of communication business people can be aware of the market prices and have a wide range of information to help them plan in order to meet the market demands.
Similarly, means of transport also play vital roles in development within a region, transportation systems act as the link between producer, suppliers, and consumers. Using appropriate means of transport trade relationships among countries are enhanced. Transport systems are the strongest pillar in protecting people when faced with difficulties. Modern transport and communication system facilitate movement of not only soldiers but also provides timely information to rescue people during natural calamities. With modern technology, communication, and transport system have made life to be convenient as people can easily be in different places and chat anywhere at any time. Many people can keep in touch with their loved ones thanks to modern forms of communication like the internet that is available across the globe. Not only does modern transport and communication system save resources, but they also save lives. It is the fact that transport and communication occupies an important place in both economic and social development of a country.