The Death Penalty For And Against Essay Sample

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When someone hear the word Death,do they feel empty,lost or terrified at the same time? Or is it the opposite? Would they rejoice or celebrate? We wouldn’t know. Most of everyone would probably feel the first sentence and only the oppress would feel the second statement. Death is defined as the action or fact of dying or being killed In short,it is the end of a person’s life or an organism. Associated with death is the word Life. Life is sacred to all beings especially humans due to our intellect and skills which other organisms doesn’t have. In the eyes of God,we are his masterpiece,we are his children which means we need to take care one another. But,what is happening right now? Violence and destruction have succumb the world. Crime rates have been increasing rapidly,wars have overtaken the earth11 and thus humanity is slowly disappearing in front of our own eyes. In order to stop this,the government and states come up with variety of solutions and the most popular and debatable solution is the Death Penalty. Defined by U.S. Legal,death penalty is the sentence of execution for murder and some other capital crimes (serious crimes, especially murder, which are punishable by death). The death penalty, or capital punishment, may be prescribed by Congress or any state legislature for murder and other capital crimes. According to Amnesty International, as of July 2015, 101 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes in law, while 140 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. From the same source,58 countries still continue the practice of Death Penalty. Criminals have done hideous crimes in their life but it doesn’t mean they don’t have the right to live. Permitting death penalty in one’s country doesn’t end or decrease the crime rates that might be happening right now in someone’s country. Death Penalty should be completely abolished in our society owing to the fact that it doesn’t decrease crime rates,costs a lot of money and puts innocent lives at risk.


The first and foremost reason why some people approve death penalty is to decrease the crime rates of their country. If it is implemented by the government,the society would feel afraid to commit a crime thus stopping them from doing malicious acts that can harm or end someone’s life. There is no evidence that posits the use of the death penalty as being causal to a reduction in crime. According to the NC Coalition for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, the murder rate for the state of North Carolina actually declined following a halt in utilizing execution as a form of punishment. The coalition also points out that most people on death row committed their crimes in the heat of passion, while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or while suffering from mental illness. They represent a group that is highly unlikely to make rational decisions based on a fear of future consequences for their actions. In addition,states without the death penalty have a lower murder rate than neighboring states with the death penalty implemented. The US had a 2012 murder rate of 4.8 victims per 100,000—meaning that nearly 15,000 people were victims of homicide that year. Capital punishment does not appear to be doing its job. If it does not dissuade, then it serves no purpose. The threat of life in prison without parole must equally dissuade criminals.

Second reason why Death penalty must be abolished is that it costs a lot of money. The cost of the death penalty as opposed to a life sentence without parole is exponential. Due to the extra measures taken in judicial proceedings, lawyer fees, extended trials, and expert witnesses, costs end up being higher. According to the Oregonian, in 1995 the trials for three Washington County murder cases cost more than $1.5 million. One was sentenced to death. In 2000 a fiscal impact summary from the Oregon Department of Administrative Services stated that the Oregon Judicial Department would save $2.3 million annually if the death penalty were eliminated. It is estimated that total prosecution and defense costs to the state and counties equal $9 million per year. It is a total waste of effort,time and money to kill someone. This money should have been donated or spend to someone who deserves it rather than to a criminal whom can be punish by a life sentence without a parole.

And the last reason,it puts innocent lives at risk. Since the reinstatement of the death penalty in the United States in 1976, 138 innocent men and women have been released from death row, including some who came within minutes of execution. Many of these cases were discovered not because of the normal appeals process, but rather as a result of new scientific techniques, investigations by journalists, and the dedicated work of expert attorneys. In Missouri, Texas and Virginia investigations have been opened to determine if those states executed innocent men. To execute an innocent person is morally reprehensible; this is a risk we cannot take. This is the most alarming reason why I oppose death penalty. Imagine if someone was already dead and it turns out later that he/she is completely innocent,there will be no turning point. An innocent life has already taken and the victim’s family would suffer 10 more upon hearing their love one has executed and was completely innocent.

We have all the right reason to live. May it be a criminal,a priest or just an ordinary person. Criminals especially murderers have been tortured and killed multiple times. They have have commit a hideous crime,it doesn't mean that we have to hurt them or kill them also. According to Mahatma,Gandhi,an eye for an eye turns the world blind. We are all familiar with this quotation,if someone hits me then I would hit them too. If we use this system all the time then there won’t be a need for us to implement laws for we are already following our own conscience,it doesn't matter if we are right or wrong. In this world,nobody is perfect which means we all have our own flaws and mistakes. The best way to make up to the people whom we have hurt or may have hurt us ,we need first to accept our faults and forgive our own selves. If we are still being a hard headed person then we wouldn't have our own inner peace again. We should also forgive others,do not hold any grudges and let God decides the punishment for them. Death penalty is not a solution to end crimes and for the other problems of our society. Death Penalty should be completely abolished in our society owing to the fact that it doesn’t decrease crime rates,costs a lot of money and puts innocent lives at risk.

The majority of Americans have a clear and strong stance when it comes to the death penalty, no matter which side of the debate they sit on. Supporters of this punishment argue that it serves as a deterrent to crime, and that justice is being served. My personal stance on the death penalty is that it is an outdated and ineffective punishment, serving no true benefit to society and causing more harm than good to society as a whole.

When looking at the argument that the death penalty serves as a deterrent to others thinking about committing the same crime, we need only look to other countries around the world as examples to disprove this. Throughout the world, we are able to see that, in those countries where there is no death penalty, murders and other violent crimes happen at a much lower rate than in the United States. It does seem counter-intuitive, but the evidence is clear.

We can also clearly see that, in the United States, many people still commit these horrendous crimes, knowing full well that capital punishment exists. In the heat of the moment, when a person is not thinking clearly and logically, the existence of the death penalty and the possibility that they could be facing this punishment does not typically cross their mind, and cause them to alter their behavior. The consequences of their actions are not at the forefront of their minds while they’re in the midst of carrying out those actions. We can see this in the consistent, and increasing, number of violent crimes being committed year after year in this country.

There have also been widely publicised cases of wrongly convicted individuals, who were either put to death or were awaiting their punishment, that were revealed to be innocent. In the cases where the death penalty had already been carried out, it was too late for those innocent people. And, in the cases where innocence was discovered in time, we can only be thankful that it wasn’t too late. There are definitely cases of people being wrongly accused and convicted, and for each case that’s brought to light, we must keep in mind that there are likely more that we’ve never – and will never – hear about. Having even one innocent person put to death wrongly is a crime unto itself.

We must also look at the mental competence of the individuals being convicted and sentenced to this punishment. If a person is not mentally capable of processing and understanding the actions they have committed, it is ethically wrong to execute them for this.

When looking at the ethics of capital punishment, it’s also essential to assess whether or not it constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. There have been advancements in the technologies being used to enact the death penalty that are designed to lessen the pain and suffering a person endures. But, in reality, the only individuals who can attest to their effectiveness are those being executed. We cannot say for certain whether or not someone suffered unduly while they were being executed, whether everything worked as it should to ensure a quick and painless death.

And, yes, there are those who will argue that a death marked by pain and suffering is a part of the justice being served. But, as we try to hold ourselves as a nation to a higher standard than our worst criminals, we should at the very least allow our justice system to work as it should, according to the Supreme Court. And, nowhere in history has the Supreme Court ever advocated for the use of cruel and unusual punishment. We would like to think that we have more compassion and humanity than those who have committed such horrendous crimes, and as such, we should demonstrate this by showing them the humanity they denied someone else, not by sinking to their level.

The argument for or against the death penalty has been passionately argued throughout our nation’s history, with each side having their own strong viewpoints. When we look at the evidence from around the world on the effectiveness of capital punishment as a deterrent, as well as the ethical dilemma of potentially executing innocent or mentally incompetent individuals, it is easy to see that the practice of capital punishment offers no benefits to our society.

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