Greek Roman Architecture Compare Contrast Essay

Example of a Compare and Contrast essay on Art about:

roman / greek / architecture / ancient greece / ancient rome / temple / construction / Colosseum / pantheon / building


Ancient Greek architecture is featured by two main orders, namely the Doric and the Ionic. Greeks effectively applied these architectural styles in constructing buildings, theatres and temples. The Doric style was predominantly applied in mainland Greece with a further spread to the Greek settlements in Italy. The Ionic style was applied in Ionia and the Aegean islands. At that, the Doric style was more austere and formal, whereas the Ionic was more decorative and relaxed.

The styles are mostly reflected in the three orders of column capitals, bearing different decoration and design features. The examples of the Doric order are the Temple of Hephaestus and Parthenon Athens. In turn, the Iconic masterpieces include the temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis and the Erechtheum. The Ionic order gained dominance during the Hellenistic period, however was prone to a great deal of resistance by many Greek States.

Compared to Romans, in their architectural constructions and designs the ancient Greeks applied wood for roof beams, plaster for bathtubs, brick for walls, marble and limestone for walls, columns, and upper portions of public buildings and temples, terracotta for ornaments and roof tiles, and metals for decorative details to construct civic, religious, domestic, recreational, and funerary buildings.

The commonest form of Greek public architecture was temple, with altar standing under the open sky in the sacred or temenos fane before the temple. Temples were closely associated with the cult of the god. Palaestra (gymnasiums) served as the social centre for males, namely physical exercises and athletic contests.

Council chambers in Greek cities served the functions of a meeting place for the town council and court houses. In contrast to ancient Romans, Greeks did not apply domes and arches, and therefore could not build constructions with huge interior spaces. Theaters were the specific spots in al ancient Greek towns used either for public meetings or dramatic performances. The theatres were constructed in the form of semi-circle extending round the central performance area.

Ancient Romans, on the other hand, developed their architecture on the basis of the standards of the classical Greek architecture. Arch and Dome are regarded as the distinctive features of the ancient Roman architecture. Roman buildings significantly differed from those of Greek and so the new architectural style was created. Mainly because of high population densities and wealth in the cities, the ancient Romans discovered their own architectural solutions.

In particular, they applied arches and vaults as well as building materials enabling them to attain the unprecedented progress in the construction of public structures. The Colosseum, the basilicas, the Baths of Caracalla and the baths of Diocletian, the aqueducts of Rome, the Pantheon, are all relevant proofs of genuinely Roman architectural innovations.

These impressive buildings all served important public functions, In contrast to Greek aesthetic axioms; these objectives were attained with a wide scope of public effect.

As well as this, Roman architecture was determined depending on the Roman religion. The Pantheon, for example, is an amazing engineering construction created to serve purely religious purposes and religious services


  • Pineapple 2 weeks ago

    Very useful

  • My name 4 weeks ago

    Did you know that Minerva is actually the Roman form of the Greek goddess Athena who sprung from Zeus's head fully grown and in battle armor?

  • kid 5 weeks ago

    this is helpful for school!

  • unknown 5 weeks ago

    This article helped me with my school assignment. Thank you brainy bunny! I also find it very interesting that Thomas Jefferson was an architect himself! Nice job!

  • cove 7 weeks ago


  • Andrew 5 months ago

    Alfred I agree. This website is helping me a lot with my research paper/essay. Thank you for writing this Brainy Bunny.

  • Alfred 5 months ago

    I learned a lot about this that I didn't know before. It helped me for my school assignment.

  • yur mom 5 months ago


  • Berry 5 months ago

    this article help me a lot in finishing my task. I can`t wait for more article like this! Thank you so much.Love you BRAINY BUNNY!!!!

  • Poop 5 months ago

    Thank you helpful

  • Billy Bob Joe 9 months ago

    It was very helpful, and it was well written, like other peoples said. So, Thanks.

  • Brainy Bunny 10 months agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Maurice, there is a lot of symbolism behind the government's choice of architecture. I hadn't heard the story of the California state seal before, but that is a great example. On the whole, the founding fathers wanted to emphasize the connection with the classical Greek ideals of democracy and personal responsibility for the good of the people.

  • Maurice Rubio 10 months ago

    Great article. Do you know the reason as to how US Gov't buildings came about to use Greek style architecture. Is there any sort of significance between government and Ancient Greek Art that the US Gov't adopted that style? For example, I am a peace officer in California. On my badge is the California state seal, and within the seal is an image of the Greek Goddess Minerva. Minerva is used because she was born as an adult and thus California was never a territory before it became a state. Thank you!!!!

  • josh billings 10 months ago

    hey thats pretty good

  • rana 11 months ago

    thanks for the info i needed it

  • Brainy Bunny 13 months agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Glad to be of service, Yasmina!

  • Yasmina112005 13 months ago

    I got an ++A on my assignment. uuuuuuu BRAINY BUNNY .amazing article.all the best.p.s cant wait to tell my sis bout this she is gonna go cuckoo

  • Xander Wilson 14 months ago


  • Brainy Bunny 15 months agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Thanks, Half Moon. I don't have any other articles about architecture specifically, but I do have some about other Ancient Greek topics.

  • HALF_MOON 15 months ago

    Awesome really interesting and very helpful and has nice pictures. Can you do more?

  • Brainy bunny 16 months ago

    Who do you think you are

  • babybottlepopkid69 16 months ago

    very helpful. i myself am part greek but never lived there or knew much about it. Thanks for the info!

  • Kuan Leong Yong 21 months agofrom Singapore

    This is a very useful hub, especially for tourists to Europe. Those terms are so often splashed all over descriptions in museums and ruins. Thanks for elaborating on them.

  • Ayush 24 months ago

    This really helped with my research paper.

  • Arianna Phillips 2 years ago

    It is so funny how our architecture is based off of some of ancient Greek architecture. It's really intriguing!!!

  • Brainy Bunny 3 years agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Aesta1, I've never been to Sicily. I'd love to go there and see the Greek influence on their architecture!

  • Mary Norton 3 years agofrom Ontario, Canada

    It is interesting to see how much influence the Greek civilization has on other cultures. We enjoyed exploring this in Sicily.

  • Elliott Shifman 3 years agofrom Chicago, Illinois

    Very interesting topic, I'd love to read more about it. #elliottshifman

  • Brainy Bunny 5 years agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    I'm glad to be of help. Good luck with your class, OnlineGamer!

  • TheOnlineGamer 5 years ago

    very interesting, this helps a lot for my class!!! thanks

  • Brainy Bunny 5 years agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Thank you, unvrso. I find the spread of ideas across the globe fascinating, and Greek architecture is a great example of that.

  • Jose Juan Gutierrez 5 years agofrom Mexico City

    Interesting hub about Greek architecture. It´s true, there is Greek architecture influence all over the world. In the city where I live, there are some buildings and monuments with the characteristic columns of Greek architecture.

    Voted interesting!

  • Brainy Bunny 5 years agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Thank you, Raggededge. My degrees are in Classics, so I couldn't help but pick up a few tidbits about architecture along the way.

  • Bev G 5 years agofrom Wales, UK

    You do know your stuff, Brainy Bunny! Beautiful photos and succinctly worded article.

  • Brainy Bunny 5 years agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Thank you all for reading and commenting! There is so much to love about Ancient Greek architecture. One of the things I like best is that although all the architectural styles influenced by the Greeks are beautiful in their own ways, truly none has topped the simple perfection of the ancient temples.

    Charmike4: Yes, the Greeks were such good builders that they were able to compensate for visual distortion in a monumental building on top of a huge hill. Amazing, huh?

    JKenny: I hadn't paid much attention to the nuances of difference in the architectural styles influenced by the Greeks before writing this hub; I just knew I liked them all. Now I know why, too!

    SanneL, ModernLady, GoodLady, wewillmake: I am so glad that you found my discussion helpful and thorough. Thanks again for reading.

  • wewillmake 5 years agofrom kerala-INDIA

    Greek architecture is so amazing that nobody can believe that they are built centuries before... Nice photos and incredible hub..

  • Michael Kromwyk 5 years agofrom Adelaide, South Australia

    I saw an interesting documentary on the Partheon this morning. The architecture was made to appear square, but it was slightly curved to allow for optical illusions. This has then gone on to inspire many fantastic buildings as highlighted in this article. Well done Brainy Bunny. Cheers Michael

  • Penelope Hart 5 years agofrom Rome, Italy

    Nice photos and a learned Hub. Loved learning about the influences of Greek architecture on more recent buildings.

  • SanneL 5 years agofrom Sweden

    Thank you for this well-researched hub about Greek architecture. You described it very clear and it was very helpful to learn the difference between the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian Orders. Thank you! Voted up, interesting and useful.

  • James Kenny 5 years agofrom Birmingham, England

    A very well written article, its amazing to think just how much effort has gone in to try to revive Ancient Greek architecture. It's something that I was aware of, but never really paid any attention to. Thanks for writing this. Voted up and shared.

  • Modern Lady 5 years agofrom Chicago, IL

    Well-written and quite thorough. It'd be a great resource for anyone in an architecture history class.

  • Brainy Bunny 5 years agofrom Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

    Thanks, Clevercat. I'm glad my degree was good for something!

  • Rachel Vega 5 years agofrom Massachusetts

    Beautifully written and chock full of good information, this hub is a great overview for anyone who enjoys architecture to needs to specifically learn about the Greek style. Voted up, beautiful, and interesting.


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