Research Paper About Vikings For Kids

The Vikings were a smart, creative, artistic, democratic people. Their society was built on law and order. In fact the word "law" comes from Old Norse, the Viking language. Women had rights and family was important. They loved their kids. They loved their boats. They made everything beautiful - their clothes, their weapons, even their water buckets. They were very clean. They created wonderful stories about their gods and goddesses. They loved games, especially games of agility or skill. They were farmers, craftsmen, traders, explorers, looters, and fierce warriors.

The Vikings dominated parts of Europe for over 600 years - from around 400AD to about 1070 AD. Come meet the talented people of the north!

For Kids

Viking Geography

Viking Families & Daily Life

Viking Names

Viking Society

Vikings Homes

Viking Food and Drink

Viking Clothing, Hairstyles, Jewelry

Viking Entertainment & Sports

Viking (Norse) Art & Music

Viking Religion

Norse Gods and Goddesses

Viking Myths

Viking Mythical Monsters

Viking Stories and Sagas

Viking Jobs

Viking Longboats (also called longships)

Viking Exploration

Viking Looting

Viking Traders, Goods, Money

Viking Settlers

Viking Towns

Viking Warriors

Viking Written Language - Runes, Runic Inscriptions, and Runestones

Our Days of the Week - Named for Norse Gods

Interactive Viking Games

For Teachers

Viking Lesson Plans

Free Presentations in PowerPoint format about the Vikings

Free Use Viking Clipart

Free Video Clips about the Vikings

  • Viking farms

    Most people lived on farms. Farmers used iron tools, such as sickles and hoes. They grew oats, barley and wheat, and ground the grain to make flour, porridge and ale. Vikings grew vegetables such as onions, beans and cabbages. Their farm animals included pigs, sheep, goats, cattle, geese and chickens. They used manure from the animals to keep the soil fertile. In autumn, farmers killed some animals because there was not enough food to feed them all through winter.

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  • Viking houses

    Viking houses were built of wood, stone or blocks of turf - depending on local materials. The houses were long box-shapes with sloping thatched or turf roofs. The walls were made of wattle (woven sticks, covered with mud to keep out the wind and rain). The floor of a Viking house was often dug below ground-level; perhaps this helped keep out draughts.

    Most houses had just one room for a family to share. Rich people's farmhouses might have a small entrance hall, a large main room, a kitchen, a bedroom and a store room. In a Viking town, houses were crowded close together along narrow streets.

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  • What did the Vikings wear?

    Vikings wore clothes similar to those of people in England, Scotland and Wales at this time. Men wore tunics and trousers. Women wore long dresses, with a kind of long apron. Clothes were made from wool, linen and animal skins. Mostly people dressed to keep warm!

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  • Food and Drink

    From bones, seeds and other food remains at Viking sites, we know they ate meat from farm animals, and from wild animals that they hunted, and collected foods such as berries and nuts. They cooked meat in a big stew-pot over the fire, or roasted it on an iron spit. Fish and meat were smoked or dried to preserve it. Viking bread was made from rye or barley flour. They used milk mostly to make cheese and butter, then drank the buttermilk left over.

    At a feast, guests drank ale and mead (a strong drink made from honey). People drank out of wooden cups or drinking horns (made from cow-horns). Feasts were held to mark funerals and seasonal festivals, such as midwinter. Some feasts lasted over a week!

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  • Daily life

    Jobs such as collecting wood for the fire, weaving cloth and baking bread took up a lot of time. Vikings did not have much furniture - perhaps a wooden table and benches for sitting on and sleeping on.

    There were no bathrooms in Viking homes. Most people probably washed in a wooden bucket, or at the nearest stream. Instead of toilets, people used cess-pits - holes outside dug for toilet waste. The pit was usually screened by a fence. Slimy muddy cess-pits have been found by archaeologists studying the remains of the Viking town of Jorvik (modern York).

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