Jacques Berque Bibliography Format

A rich and varied offer in the vicinity of La Cité

 

Located in the centre of Nantes, alongside the Saint-Felix canal, La Cité enjoys a privileged location. Just a 5-minute walk away, you will find:

  • More than 1,000 hotel rooms (2-, 3- and 4 star) including one 4-star hotel situated on site (105 rooms) : Hotels map
  • Approx. 60 restaurants : Restaurants map

 

Among the nearest hotels the following offer a negociated price for ISAP participants

 

RESIDHOME Berges de la Loire Nantes ****

Negociated price for ISAP Congress

2 minutes walk from la Cité Nantes Events Center
3 Allée Jacques Berque 44000 NANTES - Phone number: +33 (0)2 40 99 07 07
http://www.residhome.com/


Immediate proximity with the Congress hall and the city center in a unique setting of greenery on the Loire river banks (train station and airport shuttle at 5 minutes ‘walk). Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 - Standard single at 95,00 € VAT included. American buffet breakfast at 11.50 € per person per day. City tax at 2.25 € per person per day.To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email with the code "ISAP 2017" at caroline.dulong@reside-etudes.fr  or corinne.lallemand@reside-etudes.fr


 

 NOVOTEL Nantes Centre Gare****

Negociated price for ISAP Congress

3 rue de Valmy
44000NANTES - FRANCE
Tel (+33)2/51820000 - Fax (+33)2/51820740
Email H1571@accor.com

Part of « La Cité Nantes Events Center », the Novotel Nantes Centre Gare**** welcome you with 105 bright and spacious rooms. Free high speed WiFi makes them perfect for work as well as relaxation. Be tempted by the restaurant menu (from 18.00€, VAT included) and take in the amazing view of Canal St Félix, we are open every day for lunch and dinner. Located at 5 minutes from the train station and the airport shuttle, a large public car park can also be found under the hotel.

Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 - Standard single at 105 € VAT and breakfast included. This rate will be valid on the nights of 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 June 2017, subject to availability upon booking. To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email to " H1571@accor.com " with the code "ISAP 2017".


 

Novotel Nantes Centre Bord de Loire****

Negociated price for ISAP Congress

 1 Bd des Martyrs Nantais
44200 Nantes - France
Tel : +33 (0) 2 40 47 77 77
Email h7296@accor.com

Stay in an urban aquatic setting at the Novotel Nantes Centre Bord de Loire hotel. Close to the city center, the hotel's comfortable rooms offer a stunning view over the river. Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 - Standard single at 125 € VAT and breakfast included, City tax at 2.25 € per person per day. To benefit from this preferred rate, please contact us by email with the code "ISAP 2017" at h7296@accor.com


 

Seven Urban Suites **** Nantes Centre

Negociated price for ISAP Congress

 10 rue Konrad Adenauer 
44000 NANTES - FRANCE
Tel (+33)2/51729700
Email nantes@7urbansuites.fr

Close to the Cité des Congrès, near the business centre or the TGV station, Seven Urban Suites Nantes offers rooms and suites which are elegant, stylish and warm, comfortable, fully air conditioned and equipped with free unlimited internet access. You will also find a Spa, bar, seminar rooms and a Business Centre.

Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 - Standard single at 105 € VAT and breakfast included, City tax at 2.25 € per person per day.

To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email with the code "ISAP2017" at nantes@7urbansuites.fr

 

 

Hôtel Ibis Nantes Centre Gare Sud ***

   Negociated price for ISAP Congress

 3 Allée Baco
44000 NANTES - FRANCE
Tel (+33)2 40 20 21 20
Email h0892-dm@accor.com

 Welcome to the ibis Nantes Gare Sud hotel, situated right in the center of town, opposite the Castle of the Dukes of Brittany, and at five minutes from the conference center by walk. Easily accessible at only 6.2 miles from the airport, the hotel has 104 rooms all with free WIFI, including 4 suitable for people with reduced mobility. Make use of the restaurant, bar with 24-hour snack service, paying indoor car park and 5 meeting rooms for your seminars.

Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 :  Standard single at 82 € VAT and breakfast included for Sunday 18th of June, and 115€ per day VAT and breakfast included  for Monday 19th to Friday 23rd of June, subject to availability upon booking. The city tax is at 1.30 € per person and per day. To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email to " h0892@accor.com " with the code "ISAP 2017".

 


 

Hôtel Ibis Nantes  Tour Bretagne ***

  Negociated price for ISAP Congress

  19 rue Jean Jaurès
44000 NANTES - FRANCE
Tel (+33)2 40 35 39 00
Email H1394-DM@accor.com

The ibis Nantes Centre Tour Bretagne hotel offers 140 comfortable, air-conditioned rooms in the heart of Nantes in a quiet area ,accessible via tram from the SNCF train station. Some rooms enjoy views over the St. Pierre cathedral. Personalized welcome 24/7. 1 wine bar for friendly catering. Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 Single Room breakfast including : 102 € / night and 115 € / night for two persons. The city tax is at 1.30 € per person and per day. To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email to " H1394-DM@accor.com " with the code "ISAP 2017".


 

Hotel Belfort ***

 Negociated price for ISAP Congress

  1 rue de Belfort 
44000 NANTES - FRANCE
Tel (+33)2/40470557
Email contact@hotelbelfortnantes.fr

Welcome to the Hotel Belfort in Nantes, close to the Cité des Congrès, the Chateau des Ducs de Bretagne, the business district and a 5-minute walk from Nantes city center. The Hotel Belfort, which exists since 2009, offers you a privileged stopover in a quiet, modern comfort.

 Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 - Standard single at 99 € VAT. To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email with the code "ISAP2017".

 
 

Hotel Campanile ***

  Negociated price for ISAP Congress

   16 bd Emile Gabory
  44200 NANTES - FRANCE
Tel (+33)2/72656565
Email nantes.centre.stjacques@campanile.fr

Your Campanile Hotel & Restaurant Nantes-St Jacques is ideally located on bus line 4 in the centre of Nantes, which takes you to the conference centre, the railway station, Duchesse Anne's chateau, the Palais des Sports and Mangin Beaulieu sports complex in under four minutes. The Campanile Hotel Nantes-St Jacques is a 14-minute drive from Nantes airport. Our hotel in Nantes has all the advantages of a city centre hotel, plus a peaceful atmosphere.

 Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 - Standard single at 80.90 € VAT for sunday night and 125.90 € for monday to friday nights. To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email with the code "ISAP2017".

 

 Appart'City Bouffay ***

   Negociated price for ISAP Congress

  4 rue des petites écuries
44000 NANTES - FRANCE
Tel (+33)2/28081020
Email nantes-centre@appartcity.com

Close to the Cité des Congrès, the Chateau des Ducs de Bretagne, and a 10-minute walk from Nantes city center.Negotiated price for the ISAP Congress 2017 - Standard single at 109.80 € VAT. To benefit from this very preferred rate, please contact us by email with the code "ISAP2017".

 

Gastronomy

As the city of Petit Beurre LU biscuits and Muscadet wine, Nantes knows how to please its inhabitants! In addition to the renowned local specialities – seafood, Loire valley wines, boiled sweets and Nantes cake –, sailors have infused Nantes cuisine with world flavours over the centuries. The immediate vicinity of one of the main basins in France for growing fresh produce means that the city can make the most of some of the freshest and most varied products available. Countless markets and restaurants provide an opportunity to discover this unique culinary wealth, as it is cooked up by chefs going all out to be inventive. The website Les Tables de Nantes provides useful information to find out more about them. 

 

 


 

Obituary
The settlement of accounts between colonisers and colonised has not yet taken place. When it does, Jacques Berque, who has died aged 85, will be a key witness. The decolonisation of Algeria and Morocco was his life as well as his expertise.

Born of French parents in provincial Algeria, he was a pied-noir, though hardly a typical one. His father, Augustin Berque, was a scholar and Arabist of distinction, one of the few to take an interest in Muslim culture of the Maghreb during that dark night which followed Louis Napoleon’s flirtation with an Arab Kingdom under his own patronage, and the emergence of modern nationalism in this century.

Algeria war of independence from France begins: archive, 2 Nov 1954

The fate of the two larger Maghrebin countries under colonialism was quite different. In Algeria, the Third Republic meant that power passed to the European settlers (Italians, Spaniards, Alsatians, Maltese, as well as Frenchmen proper), who pretended that the natives did not exist or did not matter. Scholarship did not flourish, though among the few scholars who did exist there were some who noted that it was the new purified, scripturalist Islam replacing the hitherto pervasive saint cults, which posed a threat to the status quo. It bestowed a sense of religious national identity on what had been a pulverised rural proletariat. Few if any (including eventually Berque himself) saw how radical that change would be in the end and that eventually it would threaten not merely the French regime, but also its revolutionary nationalist successor.

This was the country in which Jacques Berque was born. Like others born there, he had to learn good Arabic later in life, attaining great mastery of this esoteric art. He was certainly not typical of the European community in Algeria, which was petit-bourgeois, macho, un or anti-intellectual, populist-philistinical.

For all his literary elegance, Albert Camus was a more typical product of it than Berque. Camus’s existentialism was, in a way, just the brazen, un-theoretical self-reliance of the street urchin of a Mediterranean port. The real symbol of the pied-noir spirit was Monsieur Cagayus, a fictitious but beloved and emblematic folk figure, humorous, limited, ordinary and earthy, a kind of Gallic Svejk-on-the-Med.

Berque came from the land of Cagayus, but, being an intellectual aristocrat with a tortuous inner life, in no way resembled him. He made his career at first in neighbouring Morocco, where the colonial regime was very different from Algeria. It had been set up in the early decades of this century by men eager to avoid the mistakes made in neighbouring Algeria, where an indigenous society was dominated by parvenu settlers. In Morocco, the local elite was strengthened. It did not greatly suffer from the war of conquest (which pitted the Teutons and Slavs of the Foreign Legion against the Berber Highlanders, who in any case fought on both sides), or from the liberation (which pitted detribalised shanty-town dwellers against the heavily Corsican police and petty administration). The settlers were not without influence but had to share it with a military-aristocratic-industrial complex, not committed primarily to the preservation of the privileges of poor whites...

The attacks in France show that its colonial past endures | Natalie Nougayrède

The Moroccan system worked better than the Algerian, but it did not work perfectly. In his memories (probably his most interesting book), Berque observes with irony, and a measure of exaggeration, that the two communities met only in the quartier reservé (red-light district). Berque was a regular visitor, as he tells us. He firmly repudiates any idea that these places merely provided an exchange of sex for cash. On the contrary, alluding to the classical work of the anthropologist Marcel Mauss, Le Don (The Gift), which elucidates the role of prestations in maintaining social order, he insists that what took place was an intricate, absorbing and reciprocal exchange of gift and counter-gift. But however satisfying this game may have been to young Jacques Berque, its venue was too exiguous to keep the two communities in perpetual amity. As another Frenchman put it, though the conquest of Morocco was a rape, the fact that the two parties had embraced each other ardently was a reality.

When not otherwise engaged in the quartier reservé, the apprentice civil servant Jacques Berque was busy as an agronomist in attempts to improve Moroccan agriculture and the lot of the peasants. Excess of zeal led, by way of punishment, to his being offered the post of administrator of the Seksawa tribe, at Imi n’Tanout at the (then) end of the road, in the recesses of the western High Atlas. Five years of residence among them led to the book which established his scholarly reputation, Les Structures Sociales du Haut Atlas (1955). Perversely, he declared that the work was not meant to be a piece of political sociology, though Berber politics is the most interesting thing about them. It remains one of the most thorough ethnographies of the Berbers.

His administrative and ethnographic experience eventually took him in a direction adopted by few North-African-born Frenchmen (Camus declared that he would remain loyal to his mum in her poor-white Algiers slum of Bab el Wad) or by colonial administrators: he came out in favour of independence. The “fortunate empire” of Morocco remained fortunate: independence was secured after a short and relatively restrained struggle. The liberation of Algeria was secured only by a protracted, unbelievably ruthless and bloody struggle, traumatic for all those involved in it, and concluded without compromise. Virtually all the million local Europeans left, voluntarily or through intimidation. Berque was one of the few who retained links with the new Algeria.

Thereafter, Berque became the theoretician of the entire Arab-Muslim world, and even of the Third World as a whole. Yet as the theoretician of Tiers-Mondiste romanticism he never displaced Frantz Fanon, and his personal crisis never received the same attention as that of Camus, notwithstanding the fact that he ended upon the right side and that his involvement was based on a superior knowledge of the rival civilisation. (Camus was a typical pied-noir in that the natives form a backcloth to the Oran of La Peste, their inner life making no contribution to the scene).

Why was Berque never fully acclimatised on the Left Bank? Failure to have passed through Marxism-and-phenomenology? It can hardly be blamed on the lack of clarity of his theorising, which, from Sartre to Lacan and Derrida, has hardly been a disadvantage on the Left Bank.

In fact, provinciality, decolonisation and sexuality are the three intertwining themes of his remarkable memoirs. Unlike the fellow Algerian-born journalist Jean Daniel, not to mention Camus himself, Berque never became a full Left Banker notwithstanding the professorship at the College de France. Among his fellow Arabists Maxime Rodinson went pro-Independence in a more conventional, that is Marxist, manner, while Vincent Monteil converted to Islam. Berque went his own idiosyncratic way. The passionate nature which led him to a Maussian interpretation of the quartier reservé led him later in life to re-marry an aristocratic Italian lady. He had links by his first marriage to the liberal-but-patriotic Maghreb scholars, and in his memoirs he complains bitterly of their reaction: drunkenness or debauchery would have been tolerated, but not the setting up of a second household! As a moralist he could reject these values, but as a sociologist he should hardly have been surprised by them.

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He became the metaphysican-poet of decolonisation in French and Arabic, and internationally much in demand as such. As a theoretician of North African society he is not quite in the same class as Emile Masqueray or Robert Montagne, let alone Ibn Khaldun: he was too much in love with conceptual and verbal flourishes and fireworks, and lacked simplicity and directness. In his age he was surrounded by admiring North African students whom he provided with much stimulus and support. He will be remembered for his ethnography and for his involvement in that great transformation of the North African world which he strove so hard to understand and assist.

Jacques Berque, Islamic scholar, born June 4, 1910; died July 4, 1995.

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