Essay on Montgomery Bus Boycott
On December 1, 1955, a Black woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a White man in Montgomery, Alabama. This relatively obscure act revitalized the Civil Rights movement. When the NAACP became aware of the arrest, they immediately saw it as an opportunity to challenge segregation on Public transportation. They called all of the local political and religious leaders together and asked them to support a one-day boycott in protest to Mrs. Parks' arrest. One of the pastors called was a young minister named Martin Luther King Jr. The boycott was an immediate success. Over 75% of Montgomery's Black residents regularly used the bus system. On the day of the boycott, only 8 Blacks were observed riding buses.
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Based on the success of this action, the Montgomery Improvement Association was formed. The young minister from Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, Martin King, was unanimously elected as president of the association. There first action was to plan a permanent boycott of the bus system until three demands were met: 1) courteous treatment on buses; 2) seating on a first-come, first-served basis; and 3) Black bus drivers on predominately Black routes. When these demands were met, Blacks would again ride the city buses. City officials were amused by the demands. After the first month of the boycott, it was not so amusing. White downtown business owners were beginning to feel the effect of the boycott. Even White families who used Blacks as maids were upset that they had to travel miles to bring them to work.
Whites began retaliating for these actions. Blacks were arrested for simply walking down the street. Two months after the boycott began, Dr. King's home was fire bombed. After eleven months, many Blacks were beginning to doubt if the city would ever give in. They thought their efforts were in vein. Then, the Supreme Court issued its ruling, "The United States Supreme Court today affirmed a decision of a special three-judge U.S. District Court in declaring Alabama's state and local laws requiring segregation on buses unconstitutional." The boycott was an arousing success and it brought one Martin Luther King Jr. to prominence. For the NAACP's role in the boycott, the Alabama state legislature banned the organization from the state.
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Montgomery Bus Boycott Essay
899 Words4 Pages
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama. The law said that black people had to sit in the back of the bus while the the white people sat in the front. Bus drivers often referred to black people on the bus as nigger, black cow, or black ape. Blacks had to pay in the front of the bus and they had to get off to go threw the side door to sit in the back.
Dr. Martin Luther King jr., was born on January 15,1929 but died April 4, 1968. Martin king attended segregated public schools in Georgia. Dr. king was so smart that he graduated from high school at the age of 15 and got a B.A degree in 1948 from an all time best black college back then named Morehouse. When Dr. King went…show more content…
The post-war era marked a period of no energy against the second-class citizenship. According to African Americans in many part of the nation said they were being treated badly and no one could change that. One day they had to change their mind about nothings going to change and that day was the day the Montgomery bus boycott started.
On the morning of parks trial buses rumbled nearly empty through the streets of Montgomery. By the next morning the council led by Jo Ann Robinson had printed 52,000 fliers asking, Montgomery blacks to stay off the buses. It was an important and an accepted rule that whites sit in the front and the African American riders had to sit in the back of all buses. A group of about 50 African American leaders and one white minister, Robert Graetz, gathered in the basement of Dr. King?s church to endorse the boycott and begin planning a massive rally.
Rosa parks was part of an organization called the NAACP. The NAACP stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Mrs. parks was not the first African American to be arrested for this crime. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist church in Montgomery and some whites planned to ruin it but it never happened. Dr.king told the crowd that the only way they could fight back would be to boycott the bus company.
King and other African American community leaders held another meeting